Driving Forces of Immigrant Entrepreneurship

Merle Rüder


This paper investigates the driving forces of immigrant entrepreneurship in Europe, focusing on macroeconomic, formal institutional, and educational factors. With increased inflows of immigrants and migration between European countries, it is vital to successfully integrate new residents into society and the labour market. In many European countries total entrepreneurial activity (TEA) is higher for foreigners than for natives. The analysis illustrates that entrepreneurial pursuit is strongly influenced by the individual’s level of educational attainment and constraint by governmental programs. By understanding the government’s role in the market and policies’ consequences on immigrant entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial pursuit and persistence can be strengthened.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Merle Rüder